Английский язык в сфере юриспруденции

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Описание

A bankrupt must disclose his status if he wants to obtain…

  • a credit of 250 pounds or more
  • a credit of more than 50 pounds sterling
  • a credit

A company which develops a new product, protects this invention …

  • by a patent
  • by a share certificate
  • by an insurance policy

A consent of the principal …

  • must be given in written form
  • can be verbal, in writing or by deed
  • is to be given by deed
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A director of a public company can be disqualified…

  • by the court
  • by the annual meeting of shareholder
  • by a majority shareholder

 

A holder of bearer shares becomes a member of the company…

  • if Articles of the company allow that
  • automatically
  • according to the decision of the directors of the company

A mortgage can be set aside …

  • if the presumption of undue influence has been rebutted in the Court
  • can never be set aside
  • if it has been obtained by undue influence

A mortgage is void against a subsequent purchaser …

  • if it is legal without title deed
  • if it is not registered in the Land Charges Registry
  • if it is not legal

A person cannot be a partner if…

  • it is a limited company
  • he or she is an enemy alien
  • he or she is a minor

A separate legal person is created in setting up business as…

  • a partnership
  • a registered company
  • a sole trader

A shareholder has the right…

  • to receive a proportion of the profits of the company
  • to sell the assets of the company
  • to give instructions to the directors of the company

 

A shareholder of a public company can sell his shares freely…

  • if majority shareholder gives his consent
  • if the shares are dealt with on the Stock Exchange or the AIM
  • if other shareholders agree

A statement of law is binding for future similar disputes if…

  • it forms the basis of the decision
  • is made by the way
  • it is based on a hypothesis

A subsidiary company is owned…

  • by a holding company
  • by a sole trader
  • by a partnership

According to the contract, the goods must be transferred …

  • for other goods
  • for securities
  • for money

Agency of necessity can arise on condition that …

  • there is some emergency
  • there are no pre-existing contracts giving the agent responsibility for the property of another
  • the person charged with responsibility can get instructions from the owner of the property

Allowing water to escape from reservoirs is a tort affecting .

  • property
  • economic rights
  • general rights

An employer must make a redundancy payment to an employee who has been employed …

  • for two years
  • for a month
  • for a year

An employer must make a redundancy payment to an employee who has been employed …

  • for two years
  • for a month
  • for a year

Carrying on an offensive trade, obstructing the highway is …

  • private nuisance
  • public nuisance
  • trespass to land

Choose the right ending of the sentence

  • General agents have …
  • unlimited authority
  • authority to act within certain limits
  • authority for a specific purpose

Choses capable of negotiation are classified as negotiable instruments and include …

  • bills of exchange
  • postal orders
  • bills of lading

Companies limited by shares are usually set up for…

  • trading purposes
  • charitable purposes
  • educational purposes

Contracts for the sale of goods include …

  • agreements to sell
  • contracts of bailment
  • contracts for hire of goods

Contracts for the sale of goods include …

  • agreements to sell
  • contracts for hire of goods
  • contracts of bailment

Directors of a public company can be appointed…

  • at any age
  • at the age under 70
  • at the age under 60

Dismissal of an employee is considered fair if the reason is …

  • that the employee is a member of an independent trade union
  • redundancy
  • pregnancy

Employees are entitled to notice which could be a month …

  • for senior clerical workers
  • for senior managers
  • for other managers

Fiduciary duties are owed …

  • by employees to their employers
  • by sales clerks to the customers
  • by buyers to sellers

Fiduciary duties of employees are implied into a contract of employment…

  • by the common law
  • by statute
  • are not implied

is published in…

  • the Financial Times
  • the London Gazette
  • the Business Week

 

If a minority shareholder does not agree with the majority…

  • the majority must agree with him
  • the court will support him
  • he must accept the decision of the majority

If a partner secretly carries on a competing business, he…

  • will be expelled
  • must sell that business
  • must pay to the firm all profits made by him in that business

If the principal refuses to ratify the transaction, …

  • the principal will be liable for damages
  • no one will be liable for damages
  • the agent will be liable for damages

In a bankruptcy the estate of an insolvent person passes…

  • into the control of the bankruptcy court
  • into the control of the creditors
  • into the control of a trustee

In case of trespass to land the duty is owed …

  • to the possessor if he is the owner
  • to the possessor even if he is not the owner
  • to the owner

Leasehold estate which incudes the renewable yearly lease is …

  • the “term of years”
  • the “estate at will”
  • the “estate by sufferance”

Legal rights attach to…

  • natural and artificial persons
  • natural persons only
  • corporations only

Negligence is an actionable wrong affecting …

  • the person
  • general rights
  • property

Partnership can be set up between persons carrying on a business…

  • only for receiving profits
  • for any purpose
  • for charitable purpose

Preference shareholders have the right…

  • to receive a fixed dividend prior to ordinary shareholders
  • to receive an unlimited dividend
  • to receive surplus assets

 

Private limited companies cannot raise money…

  • by selling shares
  • by inviting other members
  • by making loans

Public limited companies can have…

  • two directors
  • no directors
  • one director

Ratification of the contract can be possible if …

  • it concerns a part of the contract
  • the contract is not void or a forgery
  • it takes place after the time fixed for the performance of the contract

Sole trader…

  • is liable for all his debts
  • shares losses with the people he employs
  • has limited liability

Supervising trading practices is one of the main duties of…

  • the Monopolies and Mergers Commission
  • the Director General of Fair Trading
  • the Consumer Protection Advisory Committee

The bankruptcy order is published in…

  • the Financial Times
  • the London Gazette
  • the Business Week

The bankruptcy petition can be presented by…

  • the trustee
  • a creditor
  • a magistrate

The capital clause of the Memorandum states…

  • the capital assets
  • the authorized capital
  • the actual capital raised

The Department of Trade and Industry may appoint inspectors…

  • on the application of 100 shareholders
  • on the application of 1 shareholder
  • on the application of members holding not less than one tenth of the shares.

The East India Company was created…

  • under Companies Act
  • by Royal Charter
  • by special Act of Parliament

 

The employer must provide written statement of the following terms …

  • provision of safe tools and equipment
  • pension rights
  • maternity rights

The following products are excluded from liability under the Consumer Protection Act:

  • unprocessed game
  • vapours
  • electricity

The highest court of appeal in Britain is…

  • House of Lords
  • Civil Court of Appeal
  • Criminal Court of Appeal

The loan agreement provides for repayment of loan plus interest …

  • at any time subject to no restrictions
  • at any time subject to reasonable restrictions
  • exactly by the legal date of redemption

The major source of the English law which takes precedence over the others is…

  • legislation
  • European Community law
  • case law

The Monopolies and Mergers Commission consists of…

  • three members
  • not less than 10 members
  • not more than 30 members

The mortgagor may create …

  • second and subsequent mortgages over the same property
  • not more than two mortgages over the same property
  • only one mortgage over the same property

The power to order that a merger shall not go ahead lies with…

  • the Secretary of State
  • the Director General of Fair Trading
  • the Monopolies and Mergers Commission

The Register of the Company must be kept…

  • at the registered office
  • in the office of the CEO
  • in the residence of the majority shareholder

The rights of inheritance are unrestricted in case of …

  • fee tail estate
  • life estate
  • fee simple estate

 

The secretary of a private company…

  • must have work experience as a company secretary
  • need not have any personal qualifications
  • must be qualified as a chartered secretary, an accountant or a lawyer

The term “goods” includes all “chattels personal” that are …

  • tangible
  • immovable
  • intangible

The transfer of property to the buyer is the main purpose …

  • of the contract for the sale of goods
  • of the contract for labor and materials
  • of the contract for service

Things which are capable of physical possession are included into …

  • incorporeal property
  • tangible property
  • intangible property

To control rogue dealers, the DG may bring proceedings…

  • in the Restrictive Practices Court
  • in the Crown Court
  • in the High Court

To take part in the management of a registered company, a bankrupt must get…

  • the creditors’ consent
  • the trustee’s consent
  • the court’ consent

Trading in a name similar to that of another similar business affects …

  • reputation
  • economic rights
  • general rights

When the land is owned by a company,…

  • there must be registration of both legal and equitable mortgages
  • there must be registration of the equitable mortgage
  • registration of a mortgage is not necessary

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